16 Ağu Another broad-scale investigation out-of archosaur relationship from the Nesbitt mais aussi al
2 GEOLOGICAL Form
None Parker et al. ( 2005 ) nor Have a look et al. ( 2005 ) experimented with a good phylogenetic studies off R. callenderi in line with the new skeletal thing. Yet not, each other communities detailed several features of new hindlimb that were unambiguous synapomorphies of Pseudosuchia. Parker et al. ( 2005 ) hypothesized a possible sibling-category experience of aetosaurs, listing the brand new morphological similarities of your squamosal and paramedian osteoderms. An equivalent position was proposed because of the Have a look ainsi que al. ( 2005 ) based on unspecified character states of your tarsus plus the osteoderms. Brusatte et al. ( 2010 ) provided Roentgen. callenderi within investigation from early archosaur matchmaking, coding about penned numbers and descriptions of Parker ainsi que al. ( 2005 ) and you can Take a look mais aussi al. ( 2005 ). One to research recovered Roentgen. callenderi because the sibling taxon on the early-diverging suchian clade Ornithosuchidae. ( 2011 ) retrieved Roentgen. callenderi in the a highly-supported position once the cousin taxon in order to aetosaurs, an effect supported by new education (e.g., Butler mais aussi al., 2014 ; ; Nesbitt & Butler, 2013 ; Nesbitt et al., 2014 ; Nesbitt mais aussi al., 2020 ; Nesbitt, Stocker, ainsi que al., 2018 ).
This share completely makes reference to brand new osteology of Roentgen. callenderi centered on no less than 12 some one (predicated on femora number) out of PEFO and additionally three well-managed associated limited skeletons built-up anywhere between 2005 and you can 2015, provides osteohistological framework, and you can covers this new taxon’s strengths getting understanding very early suchian progression.
2.step one Stratigraphic standing
This breakdown out of Roentgen. callenderi was mainly centered on thing out-of several localities on Chinle Creation from Petrified Tree National Park (PEFO), Arizona, All of us (Contour 1; pick Logical Paleontology). Top of the Triassic Chinle Creation in this field constitutes mainly fluvial and you will floodplain strata out of alternating claystones, siltstones, sandstones, and you will conglomerates (Billingsley, 1985 ; Heckert & Lucas, 2002a ; ). The latest Chinle Creation on the Petrified Forest Federal Park area saves well-recognized fossil assemblages out-of flowers (palynomorphs, leaves, wood), invertebrates, and you may vertebrates (e.g., Ash, 2005 ; Baranyi ainsi que al., 2018 ; A beneficial, 1998 ; Irmis, 2005 ; Litwin, Traverse, & Ash, https://datingranking.net/tr/firstmet-inceleme/ 1991 ; Parker, 2005b , 2006 ; Reichgelt et al., 2013 ). Very low-dentigerous and you may non-osteoderm specimens from Roentgen. callenderi from PEFO, in addition to people explained here, have been found quickly more than Painted Desert Sandstone step 3 (sensu Billingsley, 1985 ; Lithodendron Wash Sleep sensu Heckert & Lucas, 2002a ) in-between a portion of the Petrified Forest Affiliate (sensu Woody, 2006 ) of the top a portion of the Chinle Formation (Heckert & Lucas, 2002a ; Irmis, 2005 ; Padian, 1990 ; Parker, 2005b , 2006 ; Parker et al., 2005 ; Parker & ). Separated teeth away from R. callenderi was indeed recovered from microvertebrate assemblages regarding low in brand new Chinle Development during the PEFO, extending the brand new stratigraphic listing of that it taxon for the Sonsela Affiliate and uppermost Blue Mesa Member (come across Clinical Paleontology).
The three chief localities you to definitely delivered the brand new specimens out of Roentgen. callenderi described here (Data S1) may be the Revueltosaurus Quarry (PFV 297), Revueltosaurus Quarry SW (PFV 414), and also the Offering Webpages (PFV 231). Web sites exists once the paleosols inside the a loaded fluvial succession when you look at the the center of brand new Petrified Forest Associate (Atchley mais aussi al., 2013 ; Loughney mais aussi al., 2011 ; Parker ainsi que al., 2005 ; Parker & ). PFV 297 and you can PFV 414 is actually separated spatially because of the 20 m and generally are consequently throughout the 2 hundred yards into the southern area of away from PFV 231 (Shape 1a). Painted Desert Sandstone step 3, and that immediately underlies all of the around three localities, was stratigraphically
40–50 meters above the base of the Petrified Tree Affiliate (Shape 1b; Parker & ), and you will stands for a piece sandstone placed by perennial circulate in the good large sinuosity lake route (Johns, 1988 ). PFV 297 and you will PFV 414 can be found a bit large throughout the series than PFV 231 (Parker & ).